Právny obzor

4

Ročník 104

2021

 

 
T E O R E T I C K Ý  Č A S O P I S  P R E  O T Á Z K Y  Š T Á T U  A  P R Á V A

Korene myšlienky právneho štátu a ich ukotvenie v dobovom politickom, spoločenskom a vojenskom kontexte

Cultural and Social Roots of the Idea of Rule of Law

Doc. JUDr. MUDr. Daniel Šmihula, PhD., Dr.Iur., University of Central Europe in Skalica

Právny obzor, Volume 102, 2019, No. 3, pp. 204 – 223.

Published online: 31.8.2021

Abstract. The author tries to define social and cultural conditions for the formation of the basic idea of the rule of law concept, which is a limitation of the royal power by the law. He says that this basic idea arose in England and Scandinavian kingdoms because here the two main factors weakening the royal power met: a tension between a secular authority and the church and an outliving tradition of a military democracy in which a relation between a prince (a military leader) and his warriors was conditional and contractual. On the contrary, a Roman idea of an unrestricted authority of emperors was weak in these lands. A development of legal and philosophical thinking helped to describe such a situation also from a theoretical point of view. An original struggle between nobility and commons defending legal restriction of royal authority and – on the opposite side - monarchs stressing their own sovereignty and superiority over law continues also today – in a discussion on mutual relations between the State and citizens.

Key words: rule of law, monarchy, estates of the realm, freedom, ius resistendi, church

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ISSN 2729-9228
(online)

ISSN 0032-6984
(print)

TEORETICKÝ ČASOPIS PRE OTÁZKY ŠTÁTU A PRÁVA. VYDÁVA ÚSTAV ŠTÁTU A PRÁVA SLOVENSKEJ AKADÉMIE VIED

THEORETICAL REVIEW FOR ISSUES OF STATE AND LAW. PUBLISHED BY THE INSTITUTE OF STATE AND LAW OF THE SLOVAK ACADEMY OF SCIENCES

REVUE THEORIQUE CONSACREE AUX QUESTIONS DE L´ÉTAT ET DU DROIT. PUBLIEE PAR L´INSTITUT DE L´ETAT ET DU DROIT DE L´ACADEMIE SLOVAQUE DES SCIENCES

THEORETISCHE ZEITSCHRIFT FÜR DIE FRAGEN ÜBER DEN STAAT UND RECHT. HERAUSGEGEBEN VON INSTITUT FÜR STAAT UND RECHTS DER SLOWAKISCHEN AKADEMIE DER WISSENSCHAFTEN

 

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