Právny obzor

4

Ročník 104

2021

 

 
T E O R E T I C K Ý  Č A S O P I S  P R E  O T Á Z K Y  Š T Á T U  A  P R Á V A

Je ordoliberalizmus mŕtvy? (Inauguračná prednáška)

Is Ordoliberalism Dead? (Inaugural lecture)

Doc. JUDr. Katarína Kalesná, CSc., Faculty of Law at Comenius University in Bratislava

Právny obzor, Volume 103, 2020, No. 3, pp. 159 – 168.

Published online: 31.8.2021

Abstract. Competition law (antitrust) as a regulation of liability in law has the form of general clauses. Due to this legislative technique, working with general concepts, is the legal regulation flexible, but its application depends on correct interpretation. So, the legal regulation can remain unchanged, but the real contents may be varied. This is the case of the main institutes of competition law (agreements restricting competition, abuse of a dominant position) that remained unchanged as far as their legal regulation in European law is concerned. The original provisions in Treaty on European Economic Community (1957) were adopted under influence of ordoliberalism and are the same until now. ( Treaty on Functioning of the European Union, Art. 101, 102.) General clauses technique enables interpretation of the legal regulation in harmony with the prevailing economic theories. To answer the question raised in the title the article after the short characteristics of ordoliberalism gives an overview of interpretation development from ordoliberalism to economization of competition protection, comparing different approaches using examples of case law. Finally, it explores whether ordoliberalism and the classical concepts of antitrust as a whole are applicable in the era of digitalisation of economy. With regard to the artificial intelligence development it stresses importance of humanistic foundations of ordoliberalism.

Key words: competition, general clauses, ordoliberalism, economic approach, digital era

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ISSN 2729-9228
(online)

ISSN 0032-6984
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