Právny obzor

4

Ročník 104

2021

 

 
T E O R E T I C K Ý  Č A S O P I S  P R E  O T Á Z K Y  Š T Á T U  A  P R Á V A

General Paradigms of Law as Seen by Emil Svoboda

Prof. Dr. JUDr. Karel Eliáš, Faculty of Law of the Trnava University in Trnava

Právny obzor, 101, 2018, special issue, pp. 40-59.

Published online: 15.1.2019

Abstract. The paper is devoted to work and life of the important Czech expert in civil law Emil Svoboda; 140th anniversary of the birth will commemorate in October 2018. Emil Svoboda among others contributed to the foundation of the Faculty of Law of Comenius University in Bratislava, where he worked as one of the six founding professors in the first half of 1920s. Svoboda started his academic career before World War I at the Czech Technical University in and the Charles University in Prague. He refused traditional dogmatics that dominated legal science in Czech lands by a sociological, psychological and philosophical approach. His lawyer thinking was influenced more by Schopenhauer, Dostoevsky and Masaryk than by professors of law (with the exception of Emanuel Tilsch). Svoboda defended the idea that “a paramount measure of the sense and value of law is life and its need”. He believed that law should be evaluated in particular on the basis of ethical criteria. In the atmosphere of legal positivism of that period Svoboda was regarded as a solitaire, but his views did not sink.

Key words: Emil Svoboda, civil law, legal philosophy, sociology of law, Comenius University, Charles University

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ISSN 2729-9228
(online)

ISSN 0032-6984
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THEORETICAL REVIEW FOR ISSUES OF STATE AND LAW. PUBLISHED BY THE INSTITUTE OF STATE AND LAW OF THE SLOVAK ACADEMY OF SCIENCES

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