Právny obzor

6

Ročník 104

2021

 

 
T E O R E T I C K Ý  Č A S O P I S  P R E  O T Á Z K Y  Š T Á T U  A  P R Á V A

ELIÁŠ, K.: Equity and Private Law.

Právny obzor, 100, 2017, č. 4, s. 337 – 390.

Abstract. The main part of the essay addresses the issue of application of equity in the decision-making practice of Czech and partially Slovak courts in civil matters. The author has interpreted the topic of the essay with references to the intellectual basis of perception of equity in ancient Greece and by Roman lawyers. The author comparatively suggests different paths followed by the legal practice in the search for justice in tried cases, the author notes the risks of a strict reading of the law and of judicial libertarianism. He points out that in the period of so-called communism argumentation by the principles of equity did not appear in the case-law and that a decent judge was able to find an equitable solution also in complicated cases. However, before 1948 in the common state of Czechs and Slovaks, the high courts worked with equity. Although the word “equity” is not a term used in written law of the Czech Republic and the Slovak Republic, the case-law in both countries had returned to equity and used it as a method of the search for justice. The author analyses the achieved results and shows how these trends were taken into consideration in the Czech Civil Code from 2012. The essay is accompanied by a number of references to examples of decision-making practice.

Key words: equity, justice, civil law, continental system, common law, the Civil Code, caselaw

ISSN 2729-9228
(online)

ISSN 0032-6984
(print)

TEORETICKÝ ČASOPIS PRE OTÁZKY ŠTÁTU A PRÁVA. VYDÁVA ÚSTAV ŠTÁTU A PRÁVA SLOVENSKEJ AKADÉMIE VIED

THEORETICAL REVIEW FOR ISSUES OF STATE AND LAW. PUBLISHED BY THE INSTITUTE OF STATE AND LAW OF THE SLOVAK ACADEMY OF SCIENCES

REVUE THEORIQUE CONSACREE AUX QUESTIONS DE L´ÉTAT ET DU DROIT. PUBLIEE PAR L´INSTITUT DE L´ETAT ET DU DROIT DE L´ACADEMIE SLOVAQUE DES SCIENCES

THEORETISCHE ZEITSCHRIFT FÜR DIE FRAGEN ÜBER DEN STAAT UND RECHT. HERAUSGEGEBEN VON INSTITUT FÜR STAAT UND RECHTS DER SLOWAKISCHEN AKADEMIE DER WISSENSCHAFTEN

 

Redakcia | Editorial Office

Redakcia časopisu Právny obzor
Klemensova 19
813 64 Bratislava

Tel.: (+421) (2) 52 962 325
E-mail: usappo@savba.sk
Web: www.usap.sav.sk

Vydavateľ | Publisher

Ústav štátu a práva SAV
Klemensova 19
813 64 Bratislava

Tel.: (+421) (2) 52 961 833
E-mail: usapsekr@savba.sk
Web: www.usap.sav.sk

Distribútor | Distributor

Wolters Kluwer s.r.o.
Mlynské Nivy 48
821 09 Bratislava

Tel.: (+421) 910 911 256
E-mail: kralovicova@wolterskluwer.sk
Web: www.wolterskluwer.sk

 
 

Copyright © 2000 - 2022 Ústav štátu a práva SAV. All rights reserved.Design by Mgr. Peter Krákorník - AKRONET