Právny obzor

4

Ročník 104

2021

 

 
T E O R E T I C K Ý  Č A S O P I S  P R E  O T Á Z K Y  Š T Á T U  A  P R Á V A

BARTOŇ

Právo na odpor jako ústavně zaručené právo a jeho specifika

The right of resistance as an individual constitutional right and its specifics

Doc. JUDr. Michal Bartoň, Ph.D., Faculty of Law of Palacký University Olomouc, Czech republic

Právny obzor, Volume 102, 2019, No. 4, pp. 303 – 321.

Published online: 31.8.2021

Abstract. The article deals with the right of resistance, especially with the question of the sense (or purpose) of its constitutional anchoring. The right of resistance as a constitutional subjective right cannot be claimed as a legal claim against state, neither in the form of a negative obligation of public authorities to respect such right, nor in the form of a positive obligation to fulfill and protect it. The right to resist has a natural law basis and already appears in early human rights documents. Its purpose is to justify resistance against state power in the case of violation of “social contract”. The question, whether the right to resist was legitimately used is more political or factual question, rather than legal. Constitutional anchoring of the right of resistance has therefore political and moral function and also very strong preventive role, mainly after the experience with totalitarian regimes.

Key words: right of resistance, social contract, natural law, constitutional subjective right, democratic state governed by the rule of law, human rights protection, the sovereignty of the people, constituent power, constituted power

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ISSN 2729-9228
(online)

ISSN 0032-6984
(print)

TEORETICKÝ ČASOPIS PRE OTÁZKY ŠTÁTU A PRÁVA. VYDÁVA ÚSTAV ŠTÁTU A PRÁVA SLOVENSKEJ AKADÉMIE VIED

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