Právny obzor


Ročník 107



T E O R E T I C K Ý  Č A S O P I S  P R E  O T Á Z K Y  Š T Á T U  A  P R Á V A

Criminal Law for the Czechoslovak Republic

JUDr. Tomáš Jablonický, PhD., Institute of State and Law of Slovak Academy of Sciences

Právny obzor, 101, 2018, special issue, pp. 60-82.

Published online: 15.1.2019

Abstract. The article is devoted to the efforts at a reform of criminal law in the Czechoslovak Republic, which after its foundation in 1918 had to cope with the problem of dualism of the criminal law system. Two different penal codes applied in the territory of the Czechoslovak Republic, which required the development of a fully Criminal Code valid for the whole Republic. The Commission for a Reform of the Czechoslovak Criminal Code was set up in 1920, whose members, the most important personalities of Czechoslovak criminal law science, elaborated in the period of 1921–1926 a very reform draft of the Criminal Code, striving to introduce the most recent knowledge from foreign legislative works, criminal law science and criminology to Czechoslovak criminal law. The new Czechoslovak Criminal Code was intended to more effectively protected society against crime, so the draft Criminal Code under the influence of the modern school of criminal law took into account in particular motivation and character of the offender. The draft brought a number of proposals for the reform. In the assessment of offences, it attached great importance to motivation of the offender, which was to become a new criterion for classification of offences to crimes and offences. The authors of the draft proposed to replace traditional bipartition of forms of culpability (intention and negligence) by tripartition. In the context of efforts at a reform of the Czechoslovak Criminal Code this paper also analyses the issues of the sentence of imprisonment and the death penalty. It ends with description of the fate of the draft Criminal Code from 1937, which – like the preceding draft Criminal Code from the period of 1921-1926 – was never codified.

Key words: criminal code, criminal law, culpability, death penalty, motivation of offender


ISSN 2729-9228

ISSN 0032-6984


Právny obzor is peer-reviewed journal and is indexed in SCOPUS and HeinOnline database (INDEX TO FOREIGN LEGAL PERIODICALS).


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