Právny obzor


Ročník 105



T E O R E T I C K Ý  Č A S O P I S  P R E  O T Á Z K Y  Š T Á T U  A  P R Á V A

ŠELIGA, J.: When the judge objects

Právny obzor, 99, 2016, č. 4, s. 310 – 330.

Abstract. That article deals with the issue of bias and impartiality of the judge especially through the prism of the argument ad hominem, in context of so called anti-discrimination action, or the famous case named „Čentéš“. Thesis of the article claims that successful use of the ad hominem depends on size of the “touched” group by argument (judges in case of impartiality for instance). With regard to the objection of bias of the judge author explains that the objecting to one judge as biased has greater chances to succeed than if we object all the judges. Arguments which article provides for the defense of the postulated thesis can be divided into two related categories. The first category says that, the subjective or objective test of bias, respectively impartiality of the judge in certain situations can be understood as a methodological tool for the system, rather than as a qualifying element of the whole system. The second category of argument is founded on the requirement of vertical institutional cohesion among concepts of democracy, justice and judges. The article also covers the argument ad hominem as such. Especially it deals with situations when this argument may be considered as a logical error or when it is correct argument within the argumentation scheme.

Key words: ad hominem, impartiality, testing of impartiality, bias

ISSN 2729-9228

ISSN 0032-6984


Právny obzor is peer-reviewed journal and is indexed in SCOPUS and HeinOnline database (INDEX TO FOREIGN LEGAL PERIODICALS).


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