Právny obzor


Ročník 105



T E O R E T I C K Ý  Č A S O P I S  P R E  O T Á Z K Y  Š T Á T U  A  P R Á V A

Podstata a účel inštitútu premlčania de lege lata a de lege ferenda

The substance and purpose of the institute of limitation de lege lata and de lege ferenda

Prof. JUDr. Oľga Ovečková, DrSc., Institute of State and Law of Slovak Academy of Sciences

Právny obzor, Volume 102, 2019, No. 1, pp. 67 – 84.

Published online: 31.8.2021

Abstract. The article addresses the substance and purpose of the statute of limitation at two levels. In the first part it addresses the issue of limitation de lege lata. It offers a critical view of the amendment to the Consumer Protection Act from 2007 that dealt with the substance of limitation. The Constitutional Court declared this amendment unconstitutional. In this context the legislator adopted a new regulation in the form of amendment to the Civil Code in 2018. The article offers a brief analysis of both the Constitutional Court ruling and the new legal regulation. In the second part the article addresses the substance of limitation de lege ferenda, as proposed by the draft major amendment to the Civil Code, that the Ministry of Justice of the Slovak Republic presented to the public in October 2018. The amendment brought a number of changes that significantly affect the institute of limitation. It concerns the subject of limitation, the effects of limitation as well as the legal definition of a claim. But it also concerns the new explicit regulation of the start of the limitation period in case of a contract fine or in case of the creditor´s demand for performance. The article offers a critical view of the proposed solutions in terms of perception of the substance and purpose of limitation.

Key words: limitation, subjective rights, claim, recodification, Civil Code, constitutionality


ISSN 2729-9228

ISSN 0032-6984


Právny obzor is peer-reviewed journal and is indexed in SCOPUS and HeinOnline database (INDEX TO FOREIGN LEGAL PERIODICALS).


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