Právny obzor


Ročník 105



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Referendum o predčasných voľbách je protiústavné

The referendum on early general election is unconstitutional

Doc. JUDr. Marián Giba, PhD., Institute of State and Law of Slovak Academy of Sciences

Právny obzor, Volume 104, 2021, No. 3, pp. 191 – 207.

Published online: 31.8.2021

Abstract. In this paper, the author deals with a highly topical constitutional law issue – the question of the conformity of the referendum on early general election with the Constitution of the Slovak Republic. The attempt to organize this type of referendum is not new in Slovakia. It has been held twice so far, in 2000 and 2004. Despite serious doubts about its constitutionality, the Constitutional Court has not yet had the opportunity to make a decision on this issue. The author takes a clear position that the referendum on early general election is unconstitutional. He supports this conclusion with arguments of legal theory, written law and case law, taking also some examples and inspiration from comparative constitutional law. According to the author, accepting this kind of referendum as part of the constitutional mechanisms can destabilize the Slovak constitutional system in a serious way. The author claims that the referendum on early election devalues, and therefore violates the importance of the right to vote, it violates the representative mandate, the sovereignty of the people and ultimately, also the principle of democracy and the rule of law.

Key words: referendum, early election, Constitution, democracy, right to vote


ISSN 2729-9228

ISSN 0032-6984


Právny obzor is peer-reviewed journal and is indexed in SCOPUS and HeinOnline database (INDEX TO FOREIGN LEGAL PERIODICALS).


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