Právny obzor


Ročník 105



T E O R E T I C K Ý  Č A S O P I S  P R E  O T Á Z K Y  Š T Á T U  A  P R Á V A

Pasívna legitimácia pri zásahoch do cti, dôstojnosti a dobrej povesti výrokmi osôb použitých pri informovaní o výkone verejnej moci (1. časť)

Passive legitimacy in cases of damage to the honour, dignity and good reputation by statements of persons, used for informing about the execution of public power (Part 1)

JUDr. Peter Kerecman, Institute of State and Law of Slovak Academy of Sciences

Právny obzor, Volume 104, 2021, No. 3, pp. 208 – 228.

Published online: 31.8.2021

Abstract. Honour, dignity or reputation can be affected by, among other things, statements made by leading politicians, spokespeople for state institutions or the content of press releases provided to the media when informing them about the exercise of public authority. Since the media, further disseminating this information, are not responsible for its veracity, it is necessary to reliably identify the entity responsible for such effects. Slovak judicial practice assesses actions in these cases under the provisions of the Civil Code on protection of personal rights and concludes that the entity responsible for the effect is not the state, but the state institution responsible for the statement of the natural person, because that person does not act directly on behalf of the state. However, these conclusions were drawn without careful consideration being given to the possibility of judging these claims under the Public Liability Act. When examining this problem, it is also necessary to address the theoretical starting point of the problem, in particular the nature of the liability of the state and state institutions, the requirements for there to arise liability for damages and nonmaterial damage outside the exercise of public authority, the nature and extent of liability for damage and non-material damage in the exercise of public authority, the interrelationships between the rules governing liability in both cases and also the concept of liability for others in the conclusions of legal theory and practice.

Key words: exercise of public authority, personal rights, liability for the actions of a representative, compensation for non-material damage


ISSN 2729-9228

ISSN 0032-6984


Právny obzor is peer-reviewed journal and is indexed in SCOPUS and HeinOnline database (INDEX TO FOREIGN LEGAL PERIODICALS).


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