Právny obzor


Ročník 105



T E O R E T I C K Ý  Č A S O P I S  P R E  O T Á Z K Y  Š T Á T U  A  P R Á V A

Korene myšlienky právneho štátu a ich ukotvenie v dobovom politickom, spoločenskom a vojenskom kontexte

Cultural and Social Roots of the Idea of Rule of Law

Doc. JUDr. MUDr. Daniel Šmihula, PhD., Dr.Iur., University of Central Europe in Skalica

Právny obzor, Volume 102, 2019, No. 3, pp. 204 – 223.

Published online: 31.8.2021

Abstract. The author tries to define social and cultural conditions for the formation of the basic idea of the rule of law concept, which is a limitation of the royal power by the law. He says that this basic idea arose in England and Scandinavian kingdoms because here the two main factors weakening the royal power met: a tension between a secular authority and the church and an outliving tradition of a military democracy in which a relation between a prince (a military leader) and his warriors was conditional and contractual. On the contrary, a Roman idea of an unrestricted authority of emperors was weak in these lands. A development of legal and philosophical thinking helped to describe such a situation also from a theoretical point of view. An original struggle between nobility and commons defending legal restriction of royal authority and – on the opposite side - monarchs stressing their own sovereignty and superiority over law continues also today – in a discussion on mutual relations between the State and citizens.

Key words: rule of law, monarchy, estates of the realm, freedom, ius resistendi, church


ISSN 2729-9228

ISSN 0032-6984


Právny obzor is peer-reviewed journal and is indexed in SCOPUS and HeinOnline database (INDEX TO FOREIGN LEGAL PERIODICALS).


Redakcia | Editorial Office

Redakcia časopisu Právny obzor
Klemensova 19
813 64 Bratislava

Tel.: (+421) (2) 52 962 325

Vydavateľ | Publisher

Ústav štátu a práva SAV, v.v.i.
Klemensova 19
813 64 Bratislava

Tel.: (+421) (2) 52 961 833

Distribútor | Distributor

Wolters Kluwer s.r.o.
Mlynské Nivy 48
821 09 Bratislava

Tel.: (+421) 910 911 256


Copyright © 2000 - 2022 Ústav štátu a práva SAV. All rights reserved.Design by Mgr. Peter Krákorník - AKRONET